France Revolution - 1830 Encore Une Fois! (One More Time.......Ok a few more times)

Objectives

  • To trace the political instability in France throughout the 19th Century in the Post-Napoleonic(Be sure to note: Napoleon I) Age.
  • Economic: Disruptions in rulers=delays for France in the imperial race for colonies & industrialization despite population and resources.




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France Post-Napoleonic Era

Ruler
Years ruled
Type of gov’t
Key events/policies
King Louis XVIII
1814-1815

1815- 1824
Absolute monarchy - 100 Days

Constitutional Monarchy
Ruled during the return of Napoleon.


Accepted a constitution that limited his power
King Charles X
1824-1830
Constitutional monarchy but acted more like an absolute monarch
Broke up legislature, limited freedom of the press & number of voters
Abdicated and fled to England at outbreak of Revolution of 1830

Taxed the people to pay back noble whose estates had been seixed and sold to the peasants during the 1789 Revolution
Louis-Philippe
1830-1848
Constitutional monarchy
Popular “citizen king” -
Increasingly more controlling limiting the freedom of the press.
Middle class grew prosperous but serious econ depression 1846 bred discontent
Louis Napoleon
1848
Elected as president of newly formed republic
2nd Republic
Revolution of 1848
Universal male suffrage
Inspired a women’s movement
Napoleon III or
Louis Napoleon (nephew of Napoleon I)
1851-1870
Emperor of the 2nd Empire
Arrested members of Nat’l Assembly who opposed him, ruled during economic prosperity, increased trade, RR, communications
Franco –Prussian War(1870-1871)
Taken prisoner by Prussians!
End of 2nd republic
Presidents
elected
beginning of the 3rd Republic

Some Progressive reforms - Trade unions legal - working hours reduced
new constitution, public education, universal male suffrage, but Dreyfus Affair- Antisemitism splits the country's opinion regarding who they believed resposible for loss of Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871.

CCQPS

King Louis XVIII- DID KEEP many reforms set from 1789 to 1815 - really wasn't an absolute monarch but a constitutional monarch - Charles X was the absolute monarch - not the constitutional monarch - This makes more sense since Louis XVIII had the interrupted reign- Napoleon & all that....



Louis Philippe - wore pants not knee breeches but styles were changing. Supposedly the man of the people - French Parliament had approved him for the job.....In reality helped the upper class most of all, high tariffs on imported good kept the prices of domestic goods high - This was not the actions of a "citizen king", high prices hurt the poor & benefited only the wealthier class seeking to industrialize to compete with Great Britain


Revolution of 1848 - Down with the monarchy for good......this time! This was a big year for revolutions


France & the Second Empire........Not again I thought he was dead! just kidding it's his nephew

Louis-Napoleon was elected to office in a democratic election, but he was satisfied with just being the president. By the looks of the chart no. I guess it's a family trait! He spend some time in exile but returned as a reformer - had a quasi -liberal agenda to help the

  • lower class- set up public works program

  • middle class - develop railroads & manufacturing

  • change the constitution - overthrow legislature & conduct plebiscite- just like you know who

  • eliminate opposition - censor newspapers, eliminate free speech

  • restore French Empire - take control of Cambodia & Mexico, strengthen control in Algeria, build a canal in Egypt Suez Canal completed in 1869


Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 - So it's war between German speakers & French

Napoleon III taken prisoner by the Germans...That's a bit over the top!

A newly formed Germany(formerly known as Prussia) invaded France........shades of things to come...foreshadowing.....


3rd Republic & Rewrote their constitution - why not just amend it? Why throw the baby out with the bath water? France today is on its 5 republic and how many constitutions?? I lost count









New Movie Trailer - "Les Miserables"


After looking at the chart, how would you characterize the political history of France after the Congress of Vienna 1815 up until the Franco-Prussian War 1870? Turn-N-Talk to classmates and discuss, then write a summarizing paragraph.



Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871

The Franco-Prussian War began in 1870 as a border dispute over the region of Alsace-Lorraine which was rich in resources and bordered the Rhine River. The Rhine has always been a natural boundary between the two countries. A clash of personalities and pride: Napoleon III sought to influence the Prussian king and his ambitious chancellor Otto Von Bismarck and persuade them into following his opinion in a political matter. In the political game of chicken, France underestimated the resolve and political power of the Germans, and blinked. The Prussian's quest for power was fueled by victories over kingdoms less fortunate or older powers in the European playing field. During the Franco-Prussian War, the Prussians quickly invaded eastern France & besieged the city of Paris, starving the population and forcing Emperor Napoleon III to capitulate after being taken as a political prisoner. How's that for the rise & fall of the great powers?! In their peace agreement, the provinces of Alsace- Lorraine would be ceded over to Prussia soon to be known as Germany. This change would last until the end of World War I.
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Changes in Society post Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871)

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Sum it all Up - PARAGRAPH
- After studying the political, social and economic changes in France.Infer/Describe the the future of France in the imperial race for power & colonies in the Far East & Africa. Which country would lead the race & why?