Nationalism- Europe after the Congress of Vienna saw waves of nationalism sweeping across the continent. Nationalist movements brought the Italian speakers together to form a modern day Italy in the mid 19th century,while other empires struggled to barely maintain control over the many different peoples living within their borders.

U.S.II Learning Standards:
WHII.10 Summarize the causes, course, and consequences of the unification
of Italy and Germany. (H)
  1. A. Germany’s replacement of France as the dominant power in continental Europe
  2. B. The role of Cavour and Bismarck in the unification of Italy and Germany
Europe interactive map
Map: Europe, 1815
Map: Europe, 1815

Essential Questions

  • Who is in and who is out? Who defines which people belong in a national society?

  • Does nationalism unite or divide?

  • Why did a strong sense of nationalism begin in Europe before other parts of the world ?

Stanford University defines Nationalism the attitude that the members of a nation have when they care about their national identity, common origin, ethnicity, cultural ties,the actions that the members of a nation take when seeking to achieve or sustain self-determination which means having full authority of the nation in domestic and foreign affairs.Elements of Nationalism:
    • Culture
    • History
    • Language
    • Religion
    • Territory

Use the Frayer Model to define what Nationalism is & isn't

Now let's compare notes -

Chapter 10 -Textbook Summary Link

Italian Nationalism

Giuseppe Mazzini wrote that Italians were fighting for "the eternal right which God has implanted in the peoples, that of appreciating and defining themselves their own life, and governing themselves in accordance with their own appreciation of it."
The Red Shirts
The Red Shirts
Was the artist a supporter of the Red Shirts' cause? How can you tell? Answer in your Nationalism wiki or in paper notebook.What do Sardinia, Austria, & France have to do with Italian reunification ?

  • Define Terms - Giuseppe Mazzini, Camilo di Cavour, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Victor Emmanuel, Red Shirts,

  • il Risorgimento

  • Create a 2 column note to take notes on the "Path Toward Unity" Ch.10.1

  • Analyze the Unification Map of Italy(p. 318) & Explain Italian reunification in your own words.

  • Identify the causes & effects of Italian Reunification - create a chart for your response.

  • Investigate - what happened to Garibaldi after the reunification?- cite your source(s) in your summarizing paragraph.

  • Jot down your Comment, Connections,Questions,Predictions

Summary - For centuries, Italians had been divided into smaller states(see map above or p.314 in your text)?. Why did Italians feel the need to unify? Where did the motivation come from? What are your predictions about Italy as an economic power in the future(see map. 252 before you answer)?

Austro-Hungarian Empire

The Hapsburg Family ruled much of the European continent from Austria, to Spain & the Spanish Netherlands at one time. After being the strongest ruling family in Europe, their power finally began to wane for a combination of things. The rise of England to power under Henry IV and his daughter Elizabeth I caused the Hapsburg considerable anguish. The defeat King Phillip II's Spanish Armada by the British queen in 1588 sealed the fate for the Hapsburg's decline. In the early 1800s, you will recall that Prince Klemens Von Metternich held the Congress of Vienna to return Europe back to the conditions previous to the French Revolution. Metternich was a member of the Hapsburg clan and wanted Europe's Old Order restored. The Austrian crown for reasons of self-preservation would have many changes to make in order to survive into the next century.

Get the Gist about the Austrian Empire.

  • Read & discover the who/what is important.
  • Note the most important details.
  • Write a 10-12 word summary of following sections

1.Resistance to Change

2.Turmoil in Europe & Austria

3.Response to Revolution

4.Forming a New Government

5.An Uneven Solution

Map: Ethic Groups in Austria-Hungary, 1867
Map: Ethic Groups in Austria-Hungary, 1867

Outline of 2 empires
Comparing Austria- Hungary to Ottomans
Ottoman Empire.JPG
Decline of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire external image image?w=602&h=170&rev=25&ac=1

German Nationalism

Illustration: Barricades in Berlin 1848
Illustration: Barricades in Berlin 1848

What do you see in this image? Have we seen a situation like before? Where & When? Find out by reading: Chapter 10.2 - Inside Story

Bismarck 1.PNG
Celebration at Versailles 1871

Visual Analysis - What is the story behind this visual? Where is this fiesta taking place & why? Who is the most powerful man in this room(Which man is in the center of this image)?

Recall our discussion of the Franco-Prussian War? Who is responsible for German success and how was it attained?

For more details see pp. 312-313 in your text.

Answer these questions in class - transfer them to your virtual notebook or traditional notebook. Notebook check at the end of the chapter. Use Chapter 10.2 - "Steps Toward Unification"

  1. What was the German Confederation - any larger powers involved in this configuration?
  2. Napoleon I nurtured German Nationalism? Explain how that could be!
  3. How did the 1848 Revolution affect Prussia?
  4. What was the importance of the Zollverein & could you compare it to a modern organization/association?

Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck
Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck
external image wh03onwneebo006p.jpg

French view of Bismarck

"Prussia must build up and preserve her strength for the favorable moment which has already come and gone many times. Her borders under the treaties of Vienna are not favorable to the healthy existence of the state. The great questions of the day will not be settled by speeches and majority decisions—that was the great mistake of 1848 and 1849—but by blood and iron."

—Otto Von Bismarck, quoted in The Origins of the Wars of German Unification, by William Carr

Map Analysis - Think - Write Can you explain this map (p. 323) on how Germany became unified?

What factors influence Prussia's rise to power over the other the "Lesser German" States rather than Austria?

Map: The Unification of Germany, 1865-1871
Map: The Unification of Germany, 1865-1871

Read the chapter 10.3: The Empire's Growth & Change create a chart that chronicles what Bismarck was faced with in the unification of Germany & how he dealt with things. Use either the virtual or traditional notebook

Bismarck’s problems
Bismarck’s solutions
25 separate states wanted to regain some political power
Government of New German Empire-Federalist – (Wilhelm I/Bismarck) let men over 25yrs. Vote w/ some restrictions
Roman Catholic Church …..

Industrialization ……

German Socialists protested……

Relationship w/ neighboring France….

Bismarck's Problems Blank Chart

Political Cartoon Analysis:

  • Make observations

  • Pose questions

  • Draw conclusions

You can also use the I See/It Means format if you feel more comfortable(Use virtual notebook or traditional notebook)

Kaiser Wilhelm II and Bismarck circa 1888
Kaiser Wilhelm II and Bismarck circa 1888

What do you think is happening is this 1888 photo? What could Wilhelm II be saying to Otto Von Bismarck?

Interview with Otto Von Bismarck - Please use Google Docs - share with me & give me ability to make comments. Due at the end of next class- Period 5 - Dec 18

- Period 6 - Dec 19

Russian Nationalism

Nicolas II & Family - The Last Czar of Russia
Nicolas II & Family - The Last Czar of Russia


imperial_russia.JPGMap link

Directions for Russian Nationalism Glogster& Participation grade

How would you rate my Glogster? Does it show that I understand Russian Nationalism. Does it show that I understand the problems with foreign and domestic problems in the empire? Have I distracted the viewer with too much stuff, busy background, too many word bubbles? Is my video clip too long? Hey I got some music, but it doesn't really go with the tone of the that ok? Have I used text to enhance the viewer's comprehension? What do you mean I have to post it to my wiki?


For review of all European areas of Nationalism: