Interwar Years -Chapter 13
*China - Mao Zedong vs. Jiang Jieshi*India - Gandhi's Approach to Independence*Turkey & *Persia(Iran)*Mandates in the Middle East*Nationalism Stirs Again!


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Essential Question: What are you willing to sacrifice for a cause that you believe in?


  1. Recall: Important events & notable names in China since 1900. What type of government did China have? Were they the strongest country in the region? Chapter 11 & Notes.
Revolution 1911 - China's Last Emperor - Qing Dynasty AbdicatesYuan Shikai - 1st president of China (1912-1916)WWI - Treaty of Versailles - effects on China - self-determination???Sun Yixian - "Father of Modern China"President (1923-1925) - Maintained close ties with the new Soviet gov't - believed in 5 branches of Gov't- Legislative, Judicial, Executive, Censorial, Examinative

Crash Course

Read 3 sections & create gists on a new page in your virtual notebook: Interwar Years

Topic - China After WWI

  • Write Gists for the Main Ideas for all subsections - May 4th Movement, Uneasy Partnership & Mao's Long March pp. 409-410
  • Watch the Video & write CCQPs - Mao: Long March/Watch parts 1 & 3
Read - Tracing a Father's Step on Long March & Dialectical Journal - 5 entries

Quotations - Mao
Quotations - Jiang

Write & Perform a short play: China's Political Struggle after WWI

  • Include information from the text as well as the video clips & reading: Chapters for information include 13 & 11 but feel free to use other chapters/sources- (always cite them)

  • Define the differences between the parties. How do political ideologies impact the people & events.

  • Don’t forget a title! Use Google Docs to create your script - 1 per group and share with group members & me.

  • Discuss key terms & people & highlight them in your article:


    Mao Zedong, Jiang Jieshi, Nationalist Party(Guomindang), Communist Party,May 4th Movement, the Long March,

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Alternative

v Write a Feature Story** on China's Political Struggle After WWI.
  • o Include information from the text as well as the video clips & reading
  • o Include political and human impact of the events.
  • o Use 2 column newspaper style format
  • o Include 1 picture not larger than 3x3
  • o Don’t forget a title! Create your document in Google Docs & share with me
  • o Discuss key terms & people & highlight them in your article:
Mao Zedong, Jiang Jieshi, Nationalist Party, Communist Party, (Long March, May 4th Movement, Guomindang - added from above)


Rubric:


Predictions:What do you think will happen in China during the next 10-15 years after the Long March?

external image gandhi.jpgWhat do you know about Mohandas K. Gandhi?1869-1948

Famous Gandhi Quotes

'When I despair, I remember that all through history the way of truth and love has always won. There have been tyrants and murderers and for a time they seem invincible, but in the end, they always fall — think of it, always.'

'What difference does it make to the dead, the orphans, and the homeless, whether the mad destruction is wrought under the name of totalitarianism or the holy name of liberty and democracy?'

'An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.'

'There are many causes that I am prepared to die for but no causes that I am prepared to kill for.'

'I want for India complete independence in the full English sense of that English term.'

'Independence means voluntary restraints and discipline, voluntary acceptance of the rule of law.'


Quotes

South Africa 1896
Watch 2.25 minutes of this train scene
Gandhi #1 Passbooks in S. Africa
Gandhi #2 Speech to other Indians in S. Africa
amritsar Back to what's happening in India
March to the Sea for Salt ProtestSTILL LOOKING FOR LINK - Gandhi though older walks far to the Indian Ocean to make salt & protest the British tax on salt - followed by hundreds/then arrested for making salt- (shows the spinning wheels sign of Indian civil disobedience making their own cloth for clothing)March to Dandi
Dhrasana Salt Worksthe protest goes on w/o Gandhi's presence


A report from the English journalist, Webb Miller, who witnessed one of the clashes, has become a classic description of the way in which Satyagraha was carried out at the forefront of the battle lines. 2,500 volunteers advanced on the salt works of Dhrasana:
"Gandhi's men advanced in complete silence before stopping about one-hundred meters before the cordon. A selected team broke away from the main group, waded through the ditch and neared the barbed-wire fence. (...) Receiving the signal, a large group of local police officers suddenly moved towards the advancing protestors and subjected them to a hail of blows to the head delivered from steel-covered Lathis (truncheons). None of the protesters raised so much as an arm to protect themselves against the barrage of blows. They fell to the ground like pins in a bowling alley. From where I was standing I could hear the nauseating sound of truncheons impacting against unprotected skulls. The waiting main group moaned and drew breath sharply at each blow. Those being subjected to the onslaught fell to the ground quickly writhing unconsciously or with broken shoulders (...). The main group, which had been spared until now, began to march in a quiet and determined way forwards and were met with the same fate. They advanced in a uniform manner with heads raised - without encouragement through music or battle cries and without being given the opportunity to avoid serious injury or even death. The police attacked repeatedly and the second group were also beaten to the ground. There was no fight, no violence; the marchers simply advanced until they themselves were knocked down. (...)"

Following their action, the men in uniform, who obviously felt unprotected with all their superior equipment of violence, could think of nothing better to do than that which seems to overcome uniformed men in similar situations as a sort of "natural" impulse: If they were unable to break the skulls of all the protesters, they now set about kicking and aiming their blows at the genitals of the helpless on the ground. "For hour upon hour endless numbers of motionless, bloody bodies were carried away on stretchers", according to Webb Miller.
What did the Satyagrahi achieve? Neither were the salt works taken, nor was the Salt Act in its entirety formally lifted. But the world began to realize that this was not the point. The Salt Satyagraha had demonstrated to the world the almost flawless use of a new instrument of peaceful militancy.
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Infamous Assassinations( Chronology of Gandhi's career)

Middle East
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Ataturk( l)Abdullah(r)

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Reza Pahlavi 1925












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Origins of the conflict between Arabs and Jews
What issues did nations in the Middle East face after WWI?
Churchill on Palestine 1922



The Armenian Question

Global Depression
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Visual Discovery: Pose a Question, Analyze image, Make Educated Guess, Confer w/ Colleagues




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Iconic Photo - German children playing with Deutchmarks


Signs of Economic Troubles

  • Farmers - In North & South America, Australia, Africa, India, no longer have the European market to sell the majority of their grains. American farmers had loans for modern farm equipment to repay, so kept their production rate high even though the demand was now lower. The worst for American farmers was yet to come the majority of the Midwestern section of the US already suffering due to a severe drought the worst was yet to come. The infamous weather phenomenon known as the Dust Bowl added insult to injury carrying away valuable topsoil which had been exposed due to the drought. The downward spiral of farmers woes seemed to be endless especially in America's heartland.

  • Protective Tariffs - Wanted to protect industries within countries. Smoot-Hawley Tariff did not protect American industries, rather it isolated America economically. Europeans could not sell their goods in the US. Since Europeans had less money they could not purchase American made goods nor pay off war debts. Spiraling out control
  • New Consumerism - The consumer of the 1920s had changed their ways of purchasing goods in the United States. Cash was still good but why wait til to tomorrow when you could have now. New expensive gadgets such as the car, radios, refrigerators,etc were bought on installment plans. The new consumer could have the new conveniences on credit by promising to pay things off in time.Warning: How many new gadgets could people buy? Companies also overproduced these new high ticket items or durable goods. How many durable goods could the new consumer purchase? What does durable goods really mean? American consumerism 1920s
  • Stock Market Speculation & Panic- Market speculation in the 1920s was at new heights in the "Decade of Prosperity". Acting on "hot tips", speculators borrowed money from the bank to purchase stocks in companies which drove the stock prices up to new highs. The idea is always to buy lower priced stocks that have potential to attract investors, & ride them up as they increase in value. Investors should sell high and take back profit so that they could pay off their margins or loans from the bank.
    On Tuesday, October 29, 1929, "Black Tuesday" the value of stocks in the market plummeted as speculators rushed to sell their rapidly depreciating stocks. This began the panic and led to more companies either closing or considerably slowing down production.

Not So Fun Facts? True Events in US in 1930s
  • A group of 50 desperate men were seen behind a Chicago restaurant fighting violently over a garbage can
  • some Americans emigrated to Russia to seek jobs
  • the suicide rate reached new highs
  • jurors acquitted two families who shot their landlord to prevent being evicted





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Global Depression
Mark up/Analyze Map How many countries reached the unemployment rate of 30%? Based on your knowledge of the Great Depression in the United States, describe what living condition might have been like in those countries. The size of the United States gave some Americas places to relocate during the Dust Bowl. Did Europeans or other ares have these same options? Who could they turn to in tough economic times?


Japanese Imperialism
Emperor Hirohito circa 1930
Emperor Hirohito circa 1930


Japanese Imperialism

Japanese Graphic Organizer - for 420-424 Blank Gists for Japanese Imperialism

Nanjing Massacre










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Japan - Cause/Effect Chart






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summary of Japanese aggressionPanay Incident


Japanese/American relations - pre WWII