Haitian Revolution

Toussaint L'Ouverature circa 1791
Toussaint L'Ouverature circa 1791

Toussaint L'Ouverture

excerpt from The Black Man, His Antecedents, His Genius, and His Achievements
by William Wells Brown published in 1863
William Wells Brown 1814-1884
William Wells Brown 1814-1884
Summary: William Wells Brown, born in the southern part of the United States later moved north to Massachusetts, wrote and published a biography of Toussaint L'Ouverature. In this work, he carefully explained the class differences between the white planters, the mixed race or mulattoes to use his terminology, and the slaves of Saint Domingue, the French colony. As expected the white European planters are at the top of the colonial society. However, their offspring which Wells refers to as mulattoes are in a social class which is ostracized both white planters and black slaves. Many of the the mixed/mulatto race were sent to France to become educated. This occurred just in time with the blossoming of the ideas of the Age of Enlightenment. Some members such as the Marquis de Lafayette were truly enlightened and accepted the educated biracial sons from Saint Domingue. Vincent Oge (pronounced oh-jay) a member of the biracial class, spoke to a welcoming Assembly, but back home on the island, the members of the prosperous colony's planter class were not so ready to accept change. The slaves were also unwilling to work with the newly enlightened mulatto class, remembering the cruelties they had suffered at their hands. This soon changed under the leadership of Toussaint L'Ouverature whose rise to power and respect via the battlefield is reminiscent of Napoleon himself.

Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen

How does this document affect the people of the French colony of Saint Domingue?

Summary of the Haitian Revolution using your article, your text pp. 297-298 and the Declaration of Rights of Man & Citizen. Include the Who? What?Where? When? How? & Why Important?

Why do you suppose the United States did not get involved in the conflict on the island of Saint Domingue?

Timeline: Haitian History - General


How did Revolution effect political, economic, and social changes in France and Haiti?

Use the graphic organizer to help sort the differences/similarities of both revolutions.



Essay Rubric

list of Transition Words