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ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS
Q1 – Why do people make distinctions between us and them?
Q2- How does society influence our identity
Q3- What influences peoples’ choices when faced with injustices?
Q4- What circumstances make genocide possible?
Q5- Can there be reconciliation after genocide?


"Our strength is our quickness and our brutality. Genghis Khan had millions of women and children hunted down and killed, deliberately and with a gay heart. History sees in him only the great founder of States. What the weak Western European civilization alleges about me, does not matter. I have given the order—and will have everyone shot who utters but one word of criticism—that the aim of this war does not consist in reaching certain geographical lines, but in the enemies' physical elimination. Thus, for the time being only in the east, I put ready my Death's Head units, with the order to kill without pity or mercy all men, women, and children of the Polish race or language. Only thus will we gain the living space that we need. "
Adolph Hitler


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Lemkin Biography




No two people are exactly alike. Each person possesses traits, characteristics, unique talents and qualities that them who they are. That being said, human beings are pack animals often belonging to one or many groups. It is in those groups that we learn customs languages, & values. We find comfort in times of trouble and companionship in times of joy and hardship. Even as we struggle to identify qualities within ourselves, people or other groups may attach labels on us that differ from the way we see ourselves. Frank Tashlin in "The Bear That Wasn't" uses words and pictures to describe that process.

  1. How does our need to be a part a group affect our actions?
  2. Why is it so difficult for someone to go against the group?
  3. What is the message of the video?
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Pyramid of Hate
POH videos
POH links
4 short stories
The "In Group" reading #8 Facing History

Links - Facing History
Facing History Ch links

Lemkin Biography
Genocide Convention Articles 1-11 - Read and Mark up text -Write a paragraph - In your own words......Why this is important?Let's see if these experts can help you - Click the links on the google doc belowChoices - Genocide Convention & Human Rights

Or Just go to the Choices Program Here
Choices - Experts Panel - Genocide
Genocide: Worse than War
Video Journal - Goldhagen Documentary
Justice in Guatemala - Rios Montt Trial
CNN Update - Rios Montt Trial
18 months after the Conviction - Justice in Guatemala?
Dora's Story - the Mayan Genocide - Guatemala1993 Documentary -"If The Mango Tree Could Speak" - the continuing story "When We Were Young/There Was A War" - by Patricia Goudvis

Keep in mind that the Declaration of Human Rights (UNDR) was drafted by the UN just after the Genocide Convention - They are 2 different documents!
What is the difference between these 2 documents?
Venn Diagram
Article 1

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason
and conscience and should act towards one
another in a spirit of brotherhood

Article 2


Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion,
national or social origin, property, birth or other
status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made
on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or
international status of the country or territory to
which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any
other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3


Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person

Article 4


No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all
their forms.

Article 5


No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel,
inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6


Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7


All are equal before the law and are entitled
without any discrimination to equal protection
of the law. All are entitled to equal protection
·The function of the six Organs
against any discrimination in violation of this
declaration and against any incitement to such
discrimination.

Article 8

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by
the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the
constitution or by law.

Article 9


No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest,
detention or exile

Article 10


Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and
public hearing by an independent and impartial
tribunal, in the determination of his rights and
obligations and of any criminal charge against him

Article 16


1. Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights
as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
2. Marriage shall be entered into only with the
free and full consent of the intending spouses.
3. The family is the natural and fundamental
group unit of society and is entitled to protection
by society and the State

Article 18


Everyone has the right to freedom of thought,
conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship andobservance.

Article 19


Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion
and expression; this right includes freedom to
hold opinions without interference and to seek
receive and impart information and ideas
though any media and regardless of frontier

Article 20

1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful
assembly and association.
2. No one may be compelled to belong to an
association.

Article 21


1. Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
2. Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
3. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be
expressed in periodic and genuine elections
which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secrete vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

What circumstances make genocide possible?
Markup of Dr. Stanton's 10 Stages of Genocide: Link
Be sure to

  • Include the Title
  • Look up any words you don't know
  • Add your comments

10 Stages of Genocide
1. Classification
2. Symbolization
3. Discrimination
4. Dehumanization
5. Organization
6. Polarization
7. Preparation
8. Persecution
9. Extermination
10. Denial

Dr. Gregory Stanton

Complete the template below using the 10 Stages of Genocide and your knowledge of history plus the links provided to identify how the Holocaust fit into the 10 Stages of Genocide

Stages of Genocide & the Holocaust

Holocaust Timeline
History Place on Holocaust
Einsatzgruppen Trial - Nuremberg
Also there are some more links on my Holocaust page of this wiki







Cambodia

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CambodiaFacts - Cambodian Genocide

5 W's - Cambodian Genocide
History Place - Pol Pot Bio
Yale - Maps - Satellite Images
Survivor Account - Sokhan
Map of Land Mines & Mass Graves
Khmer Rouge on Trial
Evacuation Routes During the Genocide
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Did the United States try to help Cambodia? Why or why not?

“I want our country to set a standard of morality. I feel very deeply that when people are deprived of basic human rights that the president of the United States ought to have a right to express displeasure and do something about it. I want our country to be the focal point for deep concern about human beings all over the world.”
—Jimmy CarterPresident 1976-1981


What was life like for those living under Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge?
Link for Life Under Khmer Rouge - scroll down
Table of KR rules.GIF
Table of KR rules.GIF


Resources:



Anatomy of a Genocide LINK
"Blue Scarves and Yellow Stars" Dr. Gregory Stanton
Dith Pran Biography - author of "The Killing Fields"


Landmine removal - Cambodia

Killing Fields - Viewing Sheet
Link to Killing Fields (full film)
Khmer Rouge on Trial


Peer Edit Sheet
HISTORY GEEKS ONLY
History of Ancient Temple Angkor Wat
Quick History of Khmer Empire & Angkor Wat
Learn Khmer



Digital Archive - Cambodia

Arn Chorn Pond



Cambodian Eyewitnesses - Reading List

Other Resources



Soviet Union -
Holodomor Eyewitnesses


NY Times Reporter - Eyewitness
synopsis or crimes & verdicts

Worst Genocides -List