Illustration: Execution at a guillotine
Illustration: Execution at a guillotine

Essential Questions:
  • What is worth fighting for? Who decides?
  • What is the meaning of equality and is it achievable?
  • What is a revolution?


  • Explain the meaning of the term revolution
  • Identify and assess the causes of the French Revolution
  • Explain the meaning of key terms and people associated with the Revolution
  • Identify the major events of the French Revolution

Activity - Political Cartoon - 3 Estates

Think/Writeexternal image 3_estates_cartoon.jpg

Observe - What you see

Infer - What you think it might mean


Report to class

Analyze the quote – “What then is the Third Estate? All. But an ‘all’ that is fettered (chained) and oppressed.
What would it be without the privileged order? It would be all; but free and flourishing.
Nothing will go well without the Third Estate; everything would go considerably better without the two others.”
Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès - clergyman turned revolutionary

  • What motivates citizens to such extreme measures such a the public execution of their king and queen?
  • What were the social, economic and political conditions in France leading up to the Great Revolution?
Fall of the Bastille
Fall of the Bastille

Marie Antoinette" part 1"marie Antoinette" part 2Marie - part 3 -Married shoes & cakeDocumentary: Marie Antoinette part 2

Annotated Timeline of the French Revolution

Goal:To create a timeline with visuals to help you better understand & remember the big events of the French Revolution

  • Use your completed - Event Organizer - to help you create the timeline
  • Go to and make an account
  • Create a visual timeline with events
  • embed it on your wiki
Reflection: How many of these events were reactions to one of the causes of the Revolution as identified in text p. 197. (inequality of classes, enlightened ideas, widespread poverty & hunger/cold, poor leadership of Louis XVI, financial crisis)
  • example: The Rights of Man were written to proclaim that all men created equal - this was directly tied to the ideas of the Enlightenment because..........
*Write your reflections to 3 - 5( for the over- achievers) events right underneath your timelines.*

French Revolution on Dipity.

external image louise-marie-antoinette.jpgLouis XVI & Marie Antoinette October 6, 1789
Image Detective: Pose a Question, Look for Clues, Draw a Conclusion

See if you are correct/Get the rest of the story

Mark up & the last hours of Louis XVI's life and complete the APPARTS Chart

Reveil de Tiers Etat

external image the-tennis-court-oath-jacques-louis-david.jpg

Vive la Revolution!

Death of Marat - Jacques-Louis David
Death of Marat - Jacques-Louis David

Ch 6.2-The Revolutionaries: Marat, Danton, & Robespierre

What was the Reign of Terror & how did it end?

Why did peasants generally oppose the Revolutionary Government?

What dramatic events happened during the Vendee?

Who was in danger of being tried by the Revolutionary Tribunal?

How did the guillotine contribute to the Reign of Terror?

Why wasn't the guillotine stopped sooner?

Primary Source Analysis:

"Anarchy within, invasion from without. A country cracking from outside pressure, disintegrating from internal strain. Revolution is at its height. War. Inflation. Hunger. Fear. Hate. Sabotage. Fanaticism. Hopes. Boundless idealism ...and the dread that all the gains of the Revolution would be lost. And the faith that if they won, they would bring Liberty, Fraternity, to the world."

RR Palmer, Twelve Who Ruled

Map: France, 1793
Map: France, 1793

Mass Graves of Parisians - Cimitiere de Picpus

For Review
French Revolution Overview
Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen
Summary: Add your summary of the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen

Powerpoint - French Revolution - Radical Stages

Napoleon Crosses the Alps - Jacques-Louis Davide. 1800
Napoleon Crosses the Alps - Jacques-Louis Davide. 1800

Under the National Convention

Following a series of battles on the Belgian Front to the north and the French Republic had begun to attract the ire of the British who felt inclined to protect the sovereignty of Belgium. The French Republican Army suffered a major defeat with the defection from the revolutionary cause of the commanding general. By 1792, the Republic seemed to be at and end with the foreign armies still menacing her borders and the counterrevolutionary forces ( which included royalists or staunch Catholics) within threatening to pull apart any revolutionary gains. The reorganization of the army under Lazare Carnot gave the Republic new hope. This army used the disciplined ways of the Old Order's army to transform conscripts and volunteers from the ages of 18-25 years of age giving new life to the revolutionary causes and keeping foreign armies at bay.
  • By December of 1793, British forces in Toulon were defeated after a long siege in which the young artillery officer Napoleon Bonaparte fought with distinction.
  • In 1794, the new French Army had crossed back in to retake parts of Belgium and the area called the Rhineland.
  • Also in 1794, Austrian & Prussia withdrew part their forces to resolve a revolt in Poland to partition the kingdom between them.
  • By 1795, the French had won the rights to land across the Rhine & areas of Northern Italy by treaty with the Prussians who were now fighting with the the Austrians over partitioning Poland.
  • The Spanish were preoccupied with the British designs on territory in the West Indies

Results: The war was not over but Republican France got a break due to the disagreements among the other European monarchies.

Under the Directory:

The distrust of the different factions of the Revolution remained even though Robespierre's power the radical Jacobins were seemingly broken. Governing now fell to a complicated & corrupt coalition called the Directory which consisted of 5 members one of which had to be replaced each year. Only taxpaying men over the age of 30 could vote and among the 30- somethings and the older set there was a lot of distrust and corruption. It was evident to the ordinary person that the "perks" that elected officials shared were drastically different than the average citoyen/citoyenne (citizen). The stage was set for a rising young Corsican officer, an outsider to the normal political arena, to rise.

The Revolutionary Victories:
  • 1796 Lodi - Napoleon & 30,00 troops separated the Austrians from their Italian allies. & won passage into Milan

  • August 1796 - Castiglione - victory

  • September 1796 - Bassano - victory

  • November 1796 - Arcola - victory

  • January 1797 - Rivoli- victory

    Result: all of Northern Italy into his hands

  • April 1797 - Pushed his army to 62 miles of Vienna

    Peace of Campo Formio- Austrians force to recognize Francepossession of Belgium & Rhineland

Egyptian Expedition - May 1798

Directory financed Napoleon's dream: the conquest of Egypt. May of 1798, Napoleon left Toulon and seized the island of Malta on the way with a fleet of 55 warships and 38,000 of elite forces, several hundred administrators, artists, writers - to break the bond of the feudalistic Mameluke Empire establish a modern state.

  • July 1797 - Pyramids victory

  • August 1797 - British Fleet under Horatio Nelson annihilated French Fleet at Abukir - LOSS

  • Napoleon's Army marched east to meet the army of the sultan of the Ottoman Empire - real rulers of Northern Egypt in name only

    inconclusive battle - Napoleon fled the battlefield for France

Result: French troops left behind under General Kleber - assassinated June 1800 - British now in control of Egypt for their part in repelling the French.

October 1799 - Napoleon arrived in Paris and in 2 months arranged for the plebiscite - vote to ratify the fait accompli - Napoleon's "coup d'etat" - which followed on February 1800 - the vote (7 million potential voters - 3 million cast affirmative ballots; the rest abstained)

Napoleon named First Consul named for 10 yrs. with full executive powers and even a share of legislative power since it was his responsibility to propose laws

Consecration of Napoloeon & Coronation of Empress Josephine at Notre Dame 1804
Consecration of Napoloeon & Coronation of Empress Josephine at Notre Dame 1804

Genius of Napoleon
Rise of Napoleon

Activity: Create a web of Napoleon's Domestic Policies
Note: These changes will extend to all new French Territory as well***

Napoleon's Campaign in Russia

Napoleon at Eylau(Prussia) - LeGros 1808
Napoleon at Eylau(Prussia) - LeGros 1808

Image Detective: Pose a Question, Look for Evidence in Painting, Conclude. Confer with Classmate
Paragraph #1 What is the artist's POV?
One soldier’s account of the Grand Army’s retreat from Russia
“The carriages, drawn by tired and underfed horses, were travelling fourteen and fifteen hours of the twenty-four…Having left Moscow with us,….[the carriages] had had to take up the wounded….They were put on the top seats of the carts.

At the least jolt, those who were most insecurely placed fell; the drivers took no care. The driver following…..for fear of stopping and losing his place….would drive pitilessly on over the body of the wretch who had fallen.”

Where in the World is Elba & What's would it be like there?
Paragraph #2 - Examine Napoleon's first exile in Elba. Consider location & conditions.
According to your text or other website(cite your sources) how long is his stay on Elba?
What's next for the Emperor?Retirement.....Really?

Exile at Elba
Location of Elba
Location of Elba

Napoleon Returns

Napoleon Waterloo

Exile on St Helena

external image sthelena.gif

Examine Napoleon's second exile. Consider location & conditions ...How do they compare with his previous exile.
According to your text or other website(cite your sources) how long is his stay on St Helena?
What's next for the Emperor? Retirement.....other?

Napoleon's Final Exile
Napoleon's Final Resting Place Hotel des Invalides Paris
Napoleon's Final Resting Place Hotel des Invalides Paris

Napoleon: Hero or Tyrant?

Complete the Graphic Organizer for the PBS site. You will use this to organize your thoughts and write your feature article on Napoleon I(yes there was a 2nd & 3rd so be careful with selecting your image of him!)

Napoleon's Quotes

Transition Words

Congress of Vienna - 1815

external image wh03onwfrebo011p.jpg

Who was present and what was decided about putting Europe back together?

Use your text to diagram the outcomes of the Congress of Vienna - 1815

Interactive Map Europe After Napoleon