Bridge the Gulch
Bridge the Gulch
Essential Questions
EQ1 - Does one nation have the right to intervene in the affairs of another nation?


EQ2 - Is it possible to be objective with only one perspective?


EQ3 - Can the end justify the means?


EQ4 - How can conflicts in one part of the world impact the rest of the world?


Potsdam Visual

Cold War Table of Contents

Pre-Assessment

Listen & review the lyrics:

Russian/Soviet National Anthem


Dr.Seuss "Better Butter Battle" - View the video or read the book


a. Why do you think the Zooks and Yooks did not get along?
b. What do you think caused this conflict to get worse?
c. How do you think this happens with your friends or siblings?
d. What do you think the Zooks and Yooks could have done differently to prevent this conflict?
e. In the story, each side uses propaganda to make their side seem like the right side. Give some examples from the movie/book.
f. What does the story tell you about the Cold War?
g. What would be your ending to the story?
"Better Butter Battle" Questions



Defining - Cold War

From World War to Cold War

A quick overview -




Who's Who of the Cold War - self quiz-

After watching the video, put the names & countries of the leaders according to their faces.



Causes of the Cold War - Defining the Cold War Synopsis



Cold War Internet Activity Graphic Organizer - Follow Link here for Activity


Cold War Match Activity #1
Watch and record your CCQPIs *

Beginning of Cold War - Truman

Potsdam Conference Image Detective
Potsdam Conf Image - text

"Iron Curtain" Speech + Propaganda
WARNING: MAP LEGEND IS MIXED UP, BUT THE BOUNDARIES ARE CORRECT!
This map shows the "Iron Curtain" although the map legend is mixed up!
This map shows the "Iron Curtain" although the map legend is mixed up!

Hughes Cold War Video Forum

Teacher's Domain - Truman Doctrine
Marshall Plan Parade Credit: AP/Wide World Photos
Marshall Plan Parade Credit: AP/Wide World Photos
Marshall Plan provided 17 countries with $13.4 billion in aid. This was the scene in Athens Greece in December of 1949 as the millionth ton of aid arrived. How would economic recovery discourage communism? Marshall Plan Country Map












History of the Cold War
Poker Game Political Cartoon
Soviet Union
United States
1.Communism
*Dictatorship* chosen from the top members
Of the Communist Part
1.Democracy
*President & Congress –Free elections
2.Command (Closed Market) Economy –Government Makes the decisions
2.Capitalist (Free Market)Economy –Competition determines the production and cost of goods
3.Human Rights – personal freedoms limited
3.Human Rights – Believes in Personal Freedom
4.Warsaw Pact
4.North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
5.Nuclear stockpiles/Arms Race
5.Nuclear stockpiles/Arms Race
6.Space Race
Space Race



Network of many great short Cold War videos
Vintage Wendy's Commerical
Cold War political cartoons & explanations

Berlin Airlifts - 1949-1949
Berlin Airlift Summary
Pres. Truman Audio
Truman on Airlifts


Stalin stated in a speech on February 9, 1946, "he [Stalin] blamed the last war on 'capitalist monopolies' and warning that, since the same forces still operated, the USSR must treble [triple] the basic materials of national defense such as iron and steel, double coal and oil production, and to delay the manufacture of consumer goods until rearmament was complete." Who are the "capitalist monopolies?"
How does this statement enlighten the Soviet viewpoint against the United States? Were the Allies justified in cancelling the shipments of German reparations to the Soviets at the end of World War II? Why did the Soviets rely so heavily on Germany for food and industry?

British Berlin Airlift Clip
Berlin Airlift w/ Soviet, German, British, American perspectives
Berlin Airlifts 1948-49.JPG
Berlin Arilifts 1948-1949

Image Detective

Berlin Airlift DBQ

Each day we will review a document and provide analysis and answer the questions that go with each document
the final assessment will require a paper dealing with at least one source per section.


From China to Korea

The Second Red Scare

Interpreting Maps:

Map:Spread of Communism

Quote Analysis:

"We have closed our ranks and defeated both domestic and foreign oppressors through the People's War of Liberation and the great people's revolution, and now we are proclaiming the founding of the People's Republic of China." Mao Zedong

Focus Question: What did the Communist victory mean for China and the rest of East Asia? Examine the role China would play in the Cold War struggle between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.

Mao's Orders
Graphic Organizer - Graphic Org (B) Impact of Communism & Cold War in Asia

The Cold War Heats Up: Korea

Interpreting Maps:

Korea

Korean War Reading

Markup-Korean War + 2 column notes
Video Summary: Korean War+History of Korea - 20th Century

Korean War Summary - Truman's Viewpoint

Map of Pacific Territory & Viewpoint of Harry Truman

Describe the similarities and differences in the philosophies used by Mao and Truman in the fight for Korea?

Read the excerpt of Truman's June 29, 1950 Press Conference to gain insight into Truman's justification for US presence in Korea
Korean Press Conference
external image korean_w.gif
Resources
mini bio Harry Truman
mini-bio Gen MacArthur

"So Far From the Bamboo Grove" Yoko Kawashima Watkins
The story of a young girl's survival in her trek from her home in northern Korea near the Soviet border in the last month of World War II. This autobiography chronicles the hardship of an ethnic Japanese girl living in Korea who escapes the North Korean Communists along with family members and returns to Japan. It was highly recommended by period 6 who had read this book in 6th grade and had also met the author. An excellent read, I could not put it down! Although I do this was a bit mature for my 6th grader to read.
more info-Korean War

1956 - Year of Crises: Suez Canal & Hungary

Activity: In pairs: Read & Complete an Event Chart on two Cold War events which took place in 1956.

Sequence Chart 1
Sequence Chart 2

"About the capitalist states, it doesn't depend on you whether or not we exist. If you don't like us, don't accept our invitations, and don't invite us to come and see you. Whether you like it or not, history is on our side. We will bury you."

Nikita Khrushchev, November 18, 1956

Prague 1968
Czechoslovakia - Here we go again...
Eastern European side of Iron Curtain

Back to Berlin Again!

external image ss-091102-berlin-wall-01.grid-9x2.jpg

Vienna Summit 1961
Vienna Summit 1961







JFK Quote




This is the 2nd video for understanding conditions in Berlin



What was life really like in East Germany? Watch & learn - Jot down CCQPs on the back of your propaganda video sheet.
FAQs
  • Construction of Wall began - night of August 12, 1961
  • East German Gov't opened Brandenburg Gate - November 9, 1989 - 28 years later
  • 28 miles through East/West Berlin & 75 miles around West Berlin - creating the "island of independence"
  • Approximately 5,000 East Germans crossed the wall to the west in some way or another
  • Approximately 5,000 East Germans were captured trying to escape
  • 191 people were killed while crossing the wall
Ronald Reagan "Tear Down this Wall
Tom Brokaw - Fall of the Wall

Celebrating the Fall of the Berlin Wall - 25 yrs. later
Berlin Wall Slideshow - 1991

Vietnam
external image Unit11_map_Vietnam_ver2.GIF


Essential Questions:

• What were the causes of the Vietnam War?

• Why did the United States become involved in the conflict?

• What were the major events of the Vietnam War?

• How did the Vietnam War change the United States and Vietnam?


Opener: Make a list of what you know about the Vietnam War - Where did you get your information? Book? Movie? Family? Class?

My Vietnam War Book List Recommendations

external image 986280140.jpg?272

Who was Ho Chi Minh and what were his dreams for Vietnam? What did France have to do with Vietnam? Short Bio Ho Chi Minh


Vietnam After WWII - How did Vietnam fit into the Cold War Struggle?

Bio of President Johnson - LBJ




Timeline - Vietnam War
UBD Link to NC Consortium


Digital History Link - Everything you wanted to know about Vietnam
Vietnam War: Overview of the Vietnam War


PPT Vietnam
external image Vietnam_war_booby_traps_13.jpg
external image cu-chi-tunnels-20%25255B2%25255D.jpg?imgmax=800
Booby trap image


Visual Summary Timeline: The Vietnam War Credit: (bkgd), Sgt. Howard Breedlove, U.S. Army
Visual Summary Timeline: The Vietnam War Credit: (bkgd), Sgt. Howard Breedlove, U.S. Army

***The Pentagon Papers - In 1971, the New York Times obtained government documents that linked US military involvement in Vietnam as far back as Truman


Walter Cronkite - Tet Offensive


Photos: Eyewitness to My Lai
My Lai Massacre Video 1
My Lai Massacre 2


3 min Evacuation of Saigon



Bay of Pigs Invasion

Kennedy Administration 1960 response to Cuban Revolution

Cuban Missile Crisis

external image Fidal-Castro-with-Nikita--008.jpg

Background: Bay of Pigs Invasion



external image cuban1.jpg

Khrushchev wrote:

You are disturbed over Cuba. You say that this disturbs you because it is ninety miles by sea from the coast of the United States of America. But. . . you have placed destructive missile weapons, which you call offensive, in Turkey, literally next to us. . .

I therefore make this proposal: We are willing to remove from Cuba the means which you regard as offensive...Your representatives will make a declaration to the effect that the United States...will remove its analogous means from Turkey. . . . And after that, persons entrusted by the United Nations Security Council could inspect on the spot the fulfillment of the pledges made. . . .

Overview of Cuban Missile Crisis - Khan Academy




JFK consults with Eisenhower on Cuban Missile Crisis just before his address to the nation

Choices - Cuban Missile Crisis
3 films - Castro, Kennedy, Khrushchev

Cuban Missile Crisis - Soviet & Cuban Perspective


Brace Yourself for Survival of Thermonuclear Warfare
What to do in the event of an attack - Duck & Cover
external image postwar_080_v125.jpgexternal image A-bomb+drill.jpg

But it's not all funny videos!
Testing "Mike" - the hydrogen bomb 1952

Legacies of the Cold War


Afghanistan -

The Soviet's version of Vietnam

external image SovietInvasionAfghanistanMap.png

Watch the following video and take notes on Afghanistan using the flow chart of event/ graphic organizer - you will probably need both sides.




Map of Soviet Union + satellite countries

Interview - w/ the real Charlie Wilson - Afghanistan: fighting the Soviets

Shorter Version - Charlie Wilson InterviewReagan Doctrine - " Freedom is not the sole prerogative of a chosen few; it is the universal right of all God's children."
"We must not break the faith with those who are risking their lives - on every continent, from Afghanistan to Nicaragua - to defy Soviet-supported aggression and secure rights which have been ours from birth"
"Support for freedom fighters is self-defense."
Ronald Reagan February 5, 1985 - State of the Union Address

The End of the Cold War

"Mr. Gorbachev tear down this wall!"
Ronald Reagan "Tear Down this Wall

Tom Brokaw - Fall of the Wall

Read & find out how the Cold War ends.
The End of the Cold War

external image 09.jpg




Unconventional Battlefields



Rocky IV - American Version

Rocky IV - Soviet Version

1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, NY



Soviet Leaders
Conflicts
American Presidents
Stalin 1925-1953
Greece & Turkey -Truman Doctrine
Korean War
Berlin Airlifts
Nuclear Arms Race
Truman 1945-1953

remember that Am presidents are elected
every 4 years in November, but do not take office
until January of the following year*
Khrushchev 1955-1964
Suez Canal Crisis
Bay of Pigs
Vietnam War
Berlin Wall
ICBM - Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles
Cuban Missiles
U2 spy plane
Nuclear Arms Race

Space Race
Domino Effect
Eisenhower 1953-1961,
Kennedy 1961-1963,
Lyndon Johnson 1963-1969
Brezhnev 1964-1982
Vietnam War Escalates
Arms Race Maintains -SALT I Treaty
Detente Begins - visit to USSR
Space Race Continues
Recognition of China 1972
Talks for SALT II -stall
Soviet Invasion Afghanistan
US Boycotts Moscow Olympics
Johnson same guy as above 1963-1969,
Nixon Nixon in China1969-1974,
Nixon-Brezhnev Tapes
Ford 1974-1977,
Carter 1977-1981,
Reagan 1981-1989
Andropov 1982-1984
Chernenko 1984-1985
Continued Tension see Arms Race/Space Race
KGB/CIA Spying
Reagan see above
Reagan Letters to Soviet leaders
this source also contains other valuable links
Gorbachev 1985-1991
Cold War Stand Down
Reagan see above,
Bush (41st president) 1989-1993
external image T_M17_ColdWarCP300g15.gif
Newseum. Berlin Wall
Follow the link to a webquest on the Berlin Wall
Spend some time on the interactive website that deals with life on both side of the Berlin Wall. Examine the the Cold War through the eyes of Berliners. Please note that this crisis took place under the Kennedy Administration 1961


Resources:
Songs:

"War" Edwin Starr

"Vietnam Song" Country Joe & Fish
"Ballad of the Green Berets" Sgt Sadler

"Fortunate Son" Creedance Clearwater Revival

"Eve of Destruction" Barry McGuire

"Agent Orange Song" Country Joe

"Goodnight Saigon" Billy Joel

"Blowin' in the Wind" Bob Dylan

"Ohio" Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young"
"Ohio" Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young"
For What It's Worth" Buffalo Springfield
"We Gotta Get Out of this Place" - Eric Burden & the Animals

"Ohio" - Neil Young
Books:

"White Tigers" Ben Malcolm -an autobiographical account of the US Army support of North Korean partisans who were the 1st special forces units - striking at the North Korean Communist forces. This is also the subject of a documentary


"So Far From the Bamboo Grove" Yoko Kawashima Watkins

The story of a young girl's survival in her trek from her home in northern Korea near the Soviet border in the last month of World War II. This autobiography chronicles the hardship of an ethnic Japanese girl living in Korea who escapes the North Korean Communists along with family members and returns to Japan. It was highly recommended by period 6 who had read this book in 6th grade and had also met the author. An excellent read, I could not put it down! Although I do this was a bit mature for my 6th grader to read.

"If I Die In a Combat Zone ..Put Me in a Box and Ship Me Home" - Tim O'Brien

An autobiographical account of the author's experience during the Vietnam War - It begins with boot camp and goes all the way to the end of his deployment in Vietnam. It is my opinion that this work gives a much clearer picture to the novice historian regarding the Vietnam War. I would recommend using this book over his more popular work "Things They Carried".




CEPA

CURRICULUM EMBEDDED PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT (PERFORMANCE TASKS) PT

Overview: Students will be assigned a country to research this country. Students will determine which of the two superpowers most negatively affected the assigned country and identify details which support this point of view in a report to the UN General Assembly. After hearing the presentations, the UN General Assembly ( their classmates) will decide to award them reparations due to the damage they suffered during the Cold War.

Goal: To exhibit through presentation of research how a developing nation was impacted by the Cold War
Role: Ambassador of that country to the UN
Audience: the United States and Russian governments
Situation: You need to convince the UN to force either the US or Russian government to pay reparations for damages done during the Cold War to your country. You must decide which government you are demanding payment from.
Product: a 2-3 minute oral presentation laying out the history of the country was damaged by the Cold War and how that damage still impacts the world today.

(Model UN Skill: how to collaboratively research a country and identify how that country’s perspective is different from the perspective of a US resident)

Countries: , Cambodia, Afghanistan, Albania,Bulgaria, Iran, Chile, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Dominican Republic, Mongolia,

For Cold War history of European Nations, go here: http://www.nationalcoldwarexhibition.org/explore/cold-war-countries.cfm
For all countries go here: http://countrystudies.us

Other websites with brief cold war histories for students to use:
The student should research that country’s government website, the US State Department website (www.state.gov), the CIA World Factbook (
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html), and UN.org to identify the following:
BBC links for research
1) The role of this country in the Cold War and how the superpowers intervened in that country 2) What form of government does it have today? Has that changed since the Cold War ended? 3) What influence remains in that country of either the US or USSR? 4) Describe daily life for the average person in this country using info like: Per capita income, GDP, Dependency Factor, Religion, transnational issues 5) How Americans view this country in comparison to those countries’ views of themselves. The research is done in pairs, and the analysis of this research should be done together. The reports are done individually and can be either presented orally or recorded for the class to view.

Good Outline for Cold War Damages - Latin America

Cold War Museum

Iran-Contra


Afghanistan



Bulgaria

Cambodia
Chile
Czech Republic

Dominican Republic
El Salvador


Hungary


Iran
Laos
Mongolia



Nicaragua

Poland

Romania

Slovakia




Footnoting Directions for Position Paper:

We will use an amended form of a MLA Bibliography citation:

Authors name. (Last name, first name)“Title of Article,” Organization that produced article. URL. Date article was retrieved

*If there is no author listed start with name of article

Example:

1Dreschsler, Denis . Jutting, Johannes P. “Culture, Gender, and Growth” Vox EU. http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=node/970 March 7, 2008

=

=
Country Research Sheets


Note Taking Form


Position Paper Rubric



Super Power Organizer

Peer Edit Guidelines

POSITION PAPER - GERMANY



Thanks LB!